The Abbasid Caliphate By Andrew Follmann And Matthew Albrecht
Map of Abbasid Caliphate This here is a map of the ancient empire of the Abbasid Caliphate along with other empires in Asia at 750 CE The Abbasid Caliphate is quite big (left) and covers all of Iraq, Iran, The Arabian peninsula, most of Egypt and the northern coast of Africa.
Current map This is basically a map of the Abbasid caliphate like it currently would look like. We couldn’t find an actual picture of the caliphate but this is as good as we could get. The white part shows what the Abbasid Caliphate would look like.
Religion The major religion in the Abbasid caliphate used to be and still is Islam. Even though the major religion is Islam they accepted and respected other religions. Mecca was part of the Abbasid empire.
The Economic System The period from 786 to 861 is said to be the peak of Abbasid rule. The empire reached great cultural heights during this time. In 813833 while alMa’mun was in power, he put down many rebellions and fought wars with the Byzantine Empire.
The Current Economic System Iraq’s money is not very valuable and could not buy much. Iraq’s economy is in need of help. The US is there and used to be trying to help it out. One US dollar is equivalent to about 1388.4 Iraqi dinars.
The Political System The Abbasid’s came to power by having Al Saffah kill all the Umayyads. Only one known Umayyad survived. His name was ’Abd alRahman. The Abbasid Caliphate was a monarchy controlled by the Abbasids. An unseen quality was that they accepted non Arabs as governors.
The Current Political System Iraq which was part of the Abbasid Caliphate is now a democracy instead of a Monarchy. Iraq is a representative democracy.The reason Iraq is now a democracy is that the US came and forced them to become a democracy.
Artifact Ceramics are among the earliest examples of Islamic art in Iran, and hold a place of special importance. This 9th c entury plate is from Nishapur, and is decorated with two birds on a white background. This artifact is very old and delicate and valuable.
Social System The Dominant religion in the Abbasid Caliphate was Islam but they accepted and respected other religions. Landlords, tribal sheikhs, urban merchants, and government officials are many of the social classes. Government officials are second in power only to the caliph.
The Current Social System There are no longer social classes with a certain amount of power. Because there is a democracy in Iraq most people have equivalent roles in society and power. One person who has more power is the representative. Other places in the Abbasid Caliphate still have social classes.
Timeline “Founding of Baghdad c. 800, Harun alRashid c. 900, Samanids consolidate power in Bukhara (loyal to Abbasids) 909, Fatimids proclaim Caliphate in Tunisia 929, Umayyad Abd alRahman I I alNasr in Spain proclaims himself Caliph 969, Founding of Cairo by Fatimids 1013, Fall of Cordoba, beginning of "Party Kings" period 1050, Traditional conversion of Mandingo king in Mali 1071, Battle of Manzikert: Seljuk Turks begin to enter Anatolia 1085, Fall of Toledo to Reconquista; beginning of expansion of Moroccan centered Almoravides and Almohades 1099, Crusader Capture of Jerusalem 11751203, Muhammad Ghori expands Islamic rule in India; Dihli dynasty established in 1206, by one of his appointees 1171, Saladin ends Fatimid Dynasty 1187.” (Seth W ard)
Fun Facts To end the Abbasid Caliphate Mongols raided Baghdad and killed the caliph and citizens. By allowing the nonArabs to have power the nonArabs took over.
Fun Facts (continued) The one known Umayyad who survived went to Spain and ruled there. The caliph alMutawakkil (ruled 84761), was killed by a Turkish guard.